Some other symptoms that may accompany DID are:
- Mood swings
- Suicidal tendencies
- Sleep disorders (insomnia, night terrors, and sleep walking)
- Anxiety, panic attacks, and phobias (flashbacks, reactions to stimuli or "triggers")
- Alcohol and drug abuse
- Compulsions and rituals
- Psychotic-like symptoms (including auditory and visual hallucinations)
- Eating disorders
The cause of DID is not completely understood but believed to have both environmental and biological basis. Majority of the people with DID have had some type of reoccurrent and of life threatening disturbances before the age of nine, including persistent neglect or abuse. Findings have shown that DID is highest among families where parents are often frightening and unpredictable.
There is no "cure" for DID but long-term treatment can be successful if the person is committed to treatment. Treatment often consists of talk therapy, medication, hypnotherapy and other adjunct therapy.